Managing Royalties as a Musician


For musicians, creating music is not just an art; it’s a livelihood. Your compositions are not only a testament to your creativity but also a source of income. Royalties, the earnings you receive from your musical works, play a significant part of your finances. Managing royalties as a musician is important to ensure you receive the compensation you deserve for your art. In this blog, we’ll explore the key aspects of managing royalties as a musician.


Understanding the Types of Royalties

Royalties come in various forms, and it’s important to differentiate them:

  1. Mechanical Royalties: These royalties are generated from the sale of physical music copies (CDs, vinyl records) and digital downloads. Whenever someone purchases your music, you earn mechanical royalties.
  2. Performance Royalties: When your music is played in public, whether on the radio, in live venues, or on streaming platforms, you are entitled to performance royalties.
  3. Synchronisation (Sync) Royalties: If your music is used in films, TV shows, advertisements, or video games, you receive sync royalties.

Understanding these different types of royalties is crucial as they have distinct collection methods and are often administered by various organisations.


Register with Performing Rights Organisations (PROs)

In the UK, two major organizations oversee the collection and distribution of royalties for musicians: PRS for Music and PPL. PRS for Music manages performance royalties, while PPL handles the neighboring rights (related to recorded music). As a musician, it’s essential to join these organisations and register your music. This ensures that you receive royalties when your music is played or performed.


Keep Detailed Records

Accurate record-keeping is vital in the world of music royalties. Maintain records of your compositions, release dates, and details of performances. These records will help you track where your music is being used and ensure that you receive the correct royalties. Many musicians use specialised software or work with accountants to streamline this process.


Monitor Streaming Platforms

With the rise of music streaming services like Spotify and Apple Music, it’s crucial to keep track of your music’s presence on these platforms. Streaming generates a significant portion of performance royalties, and regularly checking your streaming data and earnings is essential to ensure accuracy.


Collaboration and Royalty Splitting

If you collaborate with other musicians or songwriters, clear agreements on how royalties will be shared are essential. Establish these agreements upfront to prevent potential disputes in the future. This ensures that everyone involved is compensated fairly for their contributions.


Diversify Your Royalty Streams

Don’t rely on a single source of royalties. Explore opportunities to maximise your earnings, such as licensing your music for commercials or films, selling your music directly to fans, or performing live gigs. Diversification helps secure a more stable income.


Plan for Tax

Musicians are considered self-employed for tax purposes. It’s crucial to understand the tax implications of your royalties and set aside the appropriate amount for taxes. Consulting with an accountant experienced in the music industry can provide valuable insights into tax planning.


Seek Professional Guidance

Managing royalties can be intricate, especially as your music career progresses. Engaging the services of an experienced accountant or financial advisor can help streamline the process. These professionals can provide expert guidance to ensure you receive all the royalties you’re entitled to and remain compliant with tax regulations.



Managing royalties is a fundamental part of your music career. With a clear understanding of the different types of royalties, proper registration, accurate record-keeping, and strategic planning, you can increase your earnings and focus on what you do best: creating music.

At AO Accountants, we specialise in assisting creative professionals and musicians in managing their finances. If you have questions or need guidance on handling your royalties and taxes, don’t hesitate to reach out. We’re here to ensure your financial harmony as you pursue your artistic passion.

Book your free 30 minute consultation here. 



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